By R. Lucas Platero and Miguel A. López-Sáez
Abstract: Having access to accurate information about the psycho-social impacts of the state of alarm on the LGTBQA+ population in Spain can be essential for the provision of effective health care and the promotion of public policies. LGTBQA+ people are subjected in their daily lives to situations that range from more subtle violence to more hostile ones, leading to what has been named “minority stress” (Meyer & Frost, 2013). During the COVID-19 pandemic, these stressors did not disappear and put LGTBQA+ people in Spain in a situation of unrest to cope with the situation, especially those at the crossroads of multiple inequalities. Some young people had to return to their homes and family neighborhoods where they have to be in the closet; others cannot access their treatments (hormonal, retroviral, etc.) or do not have support networks to turn to (friends, family, communities), still others see their already complicated situations becoming even more dire.
All these situations generate an increase in risk factors that can lead to greater anxiety, depression, to substance consumption, and suicidal thoughts. We obtained 2832 questionnaires from LGTBQA+ participants, of which 93 were young people under 18, showing six relevant factors concerning their psychosocial health: decrease in their positive social interactions; increase in their negative social interactions; increase in distress linked to the uncertain situations experienced; search of coping mechanisms; lack of specific attention to sexuality at their schools, and lastly, some have seen their long-awaited gender recognition or access to treatments on pause due to the State of Alarm put into place by the Spanish Government.
Keywords: LGTBQA+, youth, Spain, social support, lockdown
R. Lucas Platero holds a PhD in Sociology and Political Science from the National University of Distance Education of Spain (UNED), and a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the Complutense University of Madrid. He currently serves as a Juan de la Cierva Incorporation Fellow at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), and as the Director of Publications for Trans* Studies at Bellaterra Publishing House. In 2020, he has received the Emma Goldman Feminist Award (Flax Foundation). and is also a member of two research teams: AFIN and Fractalidades de la Investigación Crítica,at the UAB. His current collaborative research focuses on two projects: the experience of LGBTQA+ individuals with COVID-19 in Spain, and the experiences of trans* men who give birth in Spain. Additionally, he participates in international research groups on topics such as intersex rights (INIA) and biotechnologies (CSIC). Finally, he has published numerous peer-reviewed articles in international and domestic journals, and is the author of several books, including Trans*exualidades(2014); Barbarismos Queer y Otras Esdrújulas(2017) and Cuerpos Marcados(2019). – firstname.lastname@example.org
Miguel Ángel Lopez-Sáez is a Researcher and Lecturer in the Department of Social Psychology at the Rey Juan Carlos University. Miguel has been dedicating his professional career to the areas of social intervention: childhood, youth, prevention of gender violence and attention to affective-sexual diversity. He has worked in various third-sector entities and in public administration, occupying positions in direct intervention, management and coordination of projects. In recent years, Lopez Saez has coordinated projects such as the “Congress of Feminist New Researchers: Noviembre Feminista,” the activities of the Madrid City Council’s “Trans childhood” during the World Pride and the “Reflection on Masculinities” group at the Complutense University of Madrid. He is also a Member and Advisor of the Commission Against Gender-based Harassment of the Complutense University and a Child and Adolescent Psychologist at a point of the Regional Observatory on Gender Violence. – email@example.com